The consumption of alcohol or drugs are placing an enormous burden on the UK society apart from negatively affecting every aspect of the individual's life, having an impact of their family, friends and the community at large.
The link between violations of the law, alcohol, and illicit substances is one of the risky areas when it comes to abuse of alcohol and illicit substances.
When it comes to violations like domestic abuse, drunk driving, property damage, substance abuse, and public disorder, alcohol and illicit substances are involved in an approximated 80% of the cases where the offender ends up behind bars.
The population within our nation has exploded significantly and is presently beyond the capacity because a number of inmates within the prison are presently serving term for substance abuse.
The Ministry of Justice revealed that, 37% of about 2 million convicted offenders were reported to have been drinking during arrest; further alcohol is responsible for about 40% of all known violent crimes.
It was alcohol and not any other illegal drug, which was noticed to be closely associated with violent crimes, including murder, rape, assault, child and spousal abuse. Around 3 million violent crimes occur within the country every year, and most victims are left with the perception that the offender could have been consuming alcohol. The statistics related to alcohol abuse by violent offenders generally provide evidence that nearly 50% of all homicides and assaults are committed when both the offender, and the victim were indulging in the consumption of alcohol. The law breaker was probably consuming alcohol than any other illicit substance in case that involve violence, apart from robberies.
Cases of aggressions where the aggressors and their victims are familiar with each other are mostly caused by alcohol. 66% of the victims who were attacked by an intimate friend reportedly confirmed that alcohol consumption was involved and just 31% of all victimisation's by strangers are related to alcohol. Offenders who have been drinking are involved in approximately 500,000 offences between intimates; also, alcohol is involved in 118,000 occurrences of family aggression (excluding spouses), and also the rate of alcohol involvement in incidents among acquaintances is at 744,000.
One lingering question about illicit substances is whether people are more inclined to violate the law after abusing illicit substances or does abusing illicit substances make people violate the law, since the connection between breaking the law and illicit substances is a complicated one.
Majority of the people nabbed in different crimes do not use drugs, while most of the drug addicts do not engage in other criminal activities. Meanwhile, the relationship between crime and chronic drug use is high and direct, and constant use of drugs can trigger other innate criminal tendencies.
Primarily, the kinds of drug-related crimes come to three:
People who have developed a dependency on the drug are twice as likely to be arrested for acquisitive crimes such as shop theft and burglary or robbery and handling stolen goods - crimes that are often related to "feeding the habit." For instance, in 2004, 17% of detainees said they conferred the crime to acquire cash for medications. Commercial sex industry has strong associations to women, men and children who abuse drugs to get by in the market despite the government ban and penalties on suspected drug dealers and users among them. Evidence is available that the use of drugs was both a pre-determining factor within the sexual exploitation and as a means to cope with it.
In the UK alone, over a million people are arrested for drunk driving which accounts for the third frequently reported crime committed offense. The number-one cause of death, injury and disability among young people under the age of 21 is primarily because of drinking, and under the influence of drugs and approximately 40% of all traffic fatalities are related to the consumption of alcohol. Report indicates liquor influenced driving causes 36 fatal deaths and around 700 accidents due to vehicle crashes. Marijuana and cocaine which are often consumed by combining them with alcohol resulting in about 18% of deaths among vehicle drivers.
It has been estimated that one-eighth of weekend and nigh time motorists gave positive results when screened for drugs in 2007, as reported by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Additionally, in 2010, one of every eight high school seniors reported they'd driven after smoking marijuana within the two week period before the interview.
A number of prescription drugs which included opioid pain relievers and benzodiazepines, which are advised for anxiety or sleep disorders and carry warnings against operating machinery or vehicles of any kind for a specified period of time after using the medication. The abuse of prescription drugs [ingested without medical supervision] can result in impaired driving apart from various harmful reactions becoming likely.
Four out of five preteens and adolescents who are in juvenile detention centres are apprehended for law violations where illicit substances or alcohol was involved, they ere drunk or high from alcoholic beverages or illicit substances, confessed to having dependency and substance misuse problems, and / or they gave a positive screening for drugs.
Of 2.4 million total juvenile arrests, 1.9 million had substance abuse or addiction involvement but only 68,600 of these received treatment for their substance abuse problem.
Among spousal victims, records are available to show that nearly 3 out of four incidents, which were documented were committed by an offender who had been drinking.
Higher rates of alcohol and drug abuse and other well-being issues were reported by adult females whose significant others had assaulted them within the last year, as reported by a study that was conducted in 1999. 33 per cent violence against women cases were linked to alcohol, while 16 per cent of the women did not experience a similar incident in marriage.
Other members of the family are affected by domestic violence. A UK study found that there was a 50% greater chance for children who witnessed their mother being abused to abuse drugs and/or alcohol.
For victims of domestic violence, 55% of the cases involved alcohol while only 9% involved drugs; for spousal violence, alcohol was involved 65% of the time while only 5% for drugs.
No reported child abuse cases are distinctively tied to alcohol abuse, however, numerous aspects are known to influence and lead to child molestation. Contemporary success image, alcohol and drug abuse, and society status quo put a great deal of pressure on the family which causes increased stressful negative impact on parents and children. Nearly 4 in 10 victimisers confirmed that they had been drinking during the time of the incident.
An estimated 50% of prisoners meet the criteria for drug addiction but less the 20% of those who need treatment actually get it.
Authorities in the criminal justice framework point out that future wrongdoing can be counteracted and re-capture of offenders after release can be lowered only by providing good treatment for substance abuse. Approximately 95% of all inmates return to alcohol and drug use after they have completed their sentence and nearly 60 to 80% of people who were drug abusers commit a fresh crime after being released from prison, which is typically a drug driven crime.
Treatment and recovery from addiction breaks the vicious cycle of criminal offense resulting from drug and alcohol abuse. Research conducted has provided evidence that treatment does work and allows people an opportunity to recover from the addiction and maintain abstinence from alcohol and drugs. Research has also demonstrated that criminal behavior declines as substance abuse does. Correctional institutions serve to assist people struggling in life to get a grip on reality.
Funds are saved when spent on medical care. '5.60 was saved on each dollar paid for medical care when it came to reducing medical expenses, imprisonments, apprehensions, food stamp usage, and child welfare, according to the findings of one study. This indicates that illicit substance avoidance tactics and medical care will reduce government spending, since law breaking behaviour is reduced when substance abuse is reduced as well.