Your level of alcohol dependence and the solution you seek, between reducing th amount you consume (moderation) and quitting completely (abstinence), will determine the method of treatment you will be given.
This is a short counselling session that can be provided if you've had an accident that has something to do with drinking or if you're not at peace with your own drinking habits.
The duration of a brief intervention is of about 5 to 10 minutes and analysis psychological problems emerged with drinking, alcohol support networks appropriate for you, guidance about cutting down on drinks, and dangers that come along with your drinking habit.
To keep an account of the volume of alcohol you consume on a weekly basis, getting a "drinking diary" may be recommended. In addition, you might be provided with some tips about social drinking like varying soft drinks with alcoholic drinks once you are out with friends.
You will profit from a better health if you eliminate alcohol. As an initial step to abstinence, Moderation is an objective that's easier to achieve.
If you have tried moderation in the past and failed, you will be advised to go for abstinence
You'll probably be required to go to more therapy meetings in order to evaluate your improvement and additional therapy and support can be given if required when you decide to control your addiction.
Furthermore, you might pass through daily blood tests in order to assure the health of your liver.
If you are dependent on alcohol and are unable to function without it is strongly recommended that you seek medical advice to manage your withdrawal symptoms.
In order to abstain completely, some addicts may be offered some drugs. You may choose to attend sessions with self-help groups, receive extended counselling, or decide to use a talking therapy such as cognitive-behavioural therapy [CBT].
Your alcohol dependency level will inform the place and method for your detoxification. Withdrawal symptoms are seldom severe where the dependence is low and thus the detoxification can be done at home with no need for medication.
If your consumption levels of alcohol are high and in excess of 20 units a day, or you have earlier experience withdrawal symptoms you may still be able to detox from home with medications, which are prescribed to ease the withdrawal symptoms. One of the medications used in such scenarios is a tranquilizer known as Chlordiazepoxide.
The reasons for going into a hospital or a clinic will be to acquire specialist treatment because the type of withdrawal symptoms you have will be severe. This happens since the withdrawal side effects will also be intense and are more probable to need professional care.
Your withdrawal side effects will be at their worst for the initial 48 hours. They should gradually start to improve as your body begins to adjust to being without alcohol. But, when your body starts getting used to the absence of alcohol, the severity of the symptoms will reduce. After your last drink, it may take three to seven days to start feeling normal again.
You'll also experience problems sleeping. You could wake up several times during the night or even experience problems getting to sleep. In about a month your sleeping habits should get back to normal.
Drinking a huge volume of fluids (three litres within 24 hours) during the detoxification period is compulsory. On the other hand, prevent consuming high quantities of caffeinated drinks, such as tea and coffee, since they may make your sleep issues worse and provoke nervousness. You will find various choices available in the form of water, squash or fruit juices, which would be better.
Even if you don't feel hungry, try as much as possible to eat regularly. Your hunger will slowly come back.
If you are under medication to get relief from removal symptoms don't drive or use heavy machinery. It is probable the medicine will make you feel sleepy. Follow the instructions you were given by the doctor for the medication.
Detoxification may be a nerve-racking period. Reading a book, listening to music, going for a walk and taking a bath are some things you can do to alleviate the nerve-racking situations. Get more information about stress control.
Constant interaction with a medical expert or nurse is recommended for those undergoing home detoxification. This meeting could take place at a specialist NHS service, your GP practice or at home. In case you need extra support, you'll be shown how and who to get in touch with.
When trying to get over alcohol dependency, detoxification is a vital first stage. On it's own, however, detox isn't enough to guarantee recovery. You will need more treatment and assistance to support you in the long period.
When it comes to treating alcohol abuse, there are several medications that have been recommended by various healthcare groups.
A more elaborate explanation about these drugs is given below.
People that have become sober will not fall back to alcohol thanks to Acamprosate, the commercial name of Campral. It is frequently used mixed with counselling to decrese the strong desires for alcohol.
Gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA) is a chemical in the brain that's influenced by Acamprosate. The belief is that the urge to drink alcohol is increased GABA.
Progress will initiate as soon as you decide to leave alcohol behind and it goes up to six months if you are given acamprosate.
Disulfiram (brand name Antabuse) is recommended for people that has experienced relapse in the past and those seeking for full abstinence but are afraid that they may relapse. This is a deterrent drug that pushes you away from alcohol by causing uncomfortable reactions in your body if you drink alcohol.
Because any other source of alcohol will cause unfavourable reactions during this period, you have to avoid them as you avoid alcoholic drinks.
Solvents, paint thinners and other substances whose fumes are alcoholic should be avoided too.
You will continue to experience the unpleasant symptoms until after a week after you have finished the course of disulfiram and particularly when you come into contact with alcohol, and therefore, it is important to continue abstaining during this time.
For the first two months of taking disulfiram, you'll get a visit every two weeks from medical experts and in the four months that follow, the visits will be down to one each month.
The quantity of alcohol consumed by a person could be regulated with Naltrexone, and it could also be used to avoid a relapse.
Naltrexone functions by blocking opioid receptors within the body thereby stopping the effects of alcohol. The popular method is to combine this with other medications or with counselling.
You must also be informed that some pain pills like codeine and morphne that contain opioids will be rendered impotent by naltrexone if it is among your prescription.
In case you don't feel well whilst taking naltrexone, stop taking it right away and look for guidance from your GP or healthcare group.
Courses of naltrexone last for until six months, although it may on occasions be longer.
Blood tests and a complete medical evaluation will be conducted before having the approval of these medications.
To limit the amount a person drinks or to prevent a relapse, Nalmefene, sold as Selincro, can be used.
The drug reduces the urge to drink by blocking the brain's opioid receptors.
Unless you're getting the support you need to drink less and receive treatment, you shouldn't take Nalmefene.
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and similar self help groups have been of tremendous help to those suffering dependence on alcohol.
Alcoholic addiction is an enduring, growing disease, and complete sobriety is the only answer according to AA.
To help people get over their addiction, Alcoholics Anonymous uses a programme that is composed of 12-steps.
You are required to admit that you are powerless over alcohol and thereby your life has become unmanageable along with confirming that you have acted wrongly and wherever possible making amends with people who you may have harmed.
To know more about support for alcohol addiction, read more on the 12 steps of AA.
Twelve-step facilitation therapy depends on the program conceived by AA. However, here you have to go through the steps hand in hand with the counsellor, and not with a group.
If you don't feel relaxed sharing your issues in a group situation then the therapy may be your best curing alternative.
Cognitive-Behavioural therapy which is also known as CBT is a therapy of discussions, which utilises the approach of problem-solving to alcohol dependence.
You will be educated on how to desist from some of the triggers and manage those you cannot avoid by the CBT therapist.
Alcohol dependence will not just have an impact upon an individual because it can also affect the entire family.
The relatives should also be offered the necessary support. You will gain a lot from the support because the stress involved in living with an alcohol addict could be much.
Family members and friends of people with alcohol dependence problems can get help from a number of organizations that provide specialist services for people in their situation.
You may be required to write a "drinking diary" if you want to control your drinking.
This will be crucial to understand the amounts of alcohol you have, the occasions in which you drink, and how you could begin reducing that.