Defining Drug Addiction
Drug dependence is an unrelenting illness that presents in obsessive, or out of control drive to access the drug at any cost even when one is aware of the danger and long lasting harm effects on their brain. These adjustments in the mind can prompt to the hurtful practices found in individuals who take drugs. Substance dependency is also a relapsing illness. Relapse is a situation where the person goes back to drug use after making efforts to overcome addiction.
The way to drug dependence starts with the wilful act of using drugs. With time, the user is unable to stop voluntarily the need to use the drug. The desire to search for and make use of drugs will now rely on a very huge urge. This is mainly because of the effects of long-term substance exposure on the functioning of the brain. The parts of the brain messed up by the drug dependency are the ones dealing with recompense and inspiration, knowledge and recollection, and responsible actions.
Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.
Can Substance Dependency Be Treated?
It can, however it is hard. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. To come back to their old lives and overcome drug addiction totally, many addicts will require repeated or prolonged care periods.
An addict in treatment must work toward the following:
- desist from drug use
- Remaining drug-free
- be profitable in the family, at work and in the public arena
Values Of Successful Rehabilitation
According to scientific research conducted since the mid-1970s, the essential principles listed below should be the foundation of all successful treatment programmes:
- Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
- No single treatment is appropriate for everybody.
- Individuals need fast access to treatment.
- Successful treatment looks at all the needs of the patient, not simply his/her substance use.
- It's important to remain in treatment long enough.
- Psychological and other behaviour remedies are used in treating the habit.
- Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
- Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
- Treatment should deal with other potential mental disorders.
- The cleansing administered by medical personnel is the beginning step of the journey.
- For treatment to be successful, it does not need to be voluntary.
- During treatments, the use of drugs by the patient must be properly observed.
- People who use drugs easily contact communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and others and as such, they should be tested so that their treatment can be taken into account during rehabilitation.
How Drug Dependency Is Treated?
There are several steps to effective treatment:
- detox (the process when the body cleanses itself of a substance)
- Therapy or counselling
- treatment (for opioid, tobacco, or alcohol addiction)
- evaluation and treatment for mental health issues like anxiety and depression that co-occur with addiction
- long-term after treatment care to avoid relapse
A variety of care with a customised treatment programme and follow-up options can be key to being successful.
Treatment ought to incorporate both therapeutic and emotional well-being services as required. Follow-up care may comprise group or family-based recuperation supportive networks.
How Drug Addiction Treatment Incorporates Medications?
The treatment of co-occurring health issues, avoidance of relapse and amelioration of the withdrawal symptoms are some of the cases where medications are needed.
- Withdrawal During rehab, taking some prescription drugs assists in reducing withdrawal reactions. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. A patient who does not get any additional treatment after completing a detox generally continue their substance use. According to a study, 80% of detoxifications used medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Relapse Prevention A patient can make use of medication to assist in re-establishing normal brain function and reducing cravings. Various medicines are used for narcotics (pain killers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol dependency. Researchers are creating different solutions to manage stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) dependence Individuals who utilize more than one drug, which is extremely normal, require treatment for the majority of the substances they utilise.
How Drug Addiction Is Treated Using Behavioural Therapies
Behavioural treatments aid patients:
- Change their mindset and conduct towards taking drugs
- Learn to exercise healthy life skills
- Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication
Treatment is available to patients in many different types of locations which use various methods.
Outpatient behavioural treatment incorporates a wide assortment of projects for patients who visit a behavioural health counsellor on a fixed schedule. There are therapy sessions that a patient is alone with the counsellor and others that utilise group therapy, sometimes a patient may attend both types.
These projects normally offer types of behavioural treatment, for example,
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
- Multidimensional family treatment created for young people with drug abuse issues and their families which addresses a scope of impacts on their drug mishandle designs and is intended to enhance general family working
- motivational interviewing, that makes the most of a person's willingness to alter their behaviour and start treatment
- motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements
Treatment is at times strenuous initially, where a patient attends many outpatient sessions weekly. regular outpatient treatment that involves fewer meeting hours few days of the week after the intensive treatment in the bid to ensure a sustained healing process.
For a patient with severe problems, including coexisting conditions, inpatient or residential treatment is very effective. The around the clock care available at residential rehabilitation centres includes safe boarding facilities and close monitoring of patients. Inpatient treatment facilities can use many therapeutic approaches and are usually working toward assisting the patient after treatment to maintain a drug free, crime free lifestyle.
The following are some examples of residential treatment settings are:
- Therapeutic communities which are exceedingly organised programs in which patients stay at a home, normally for 6 to 12 months. Everybody at the facility, whether caregivers or administrators and fellow patients play a role in the recovery of the patient helping them cope with the changes and challenges of withdrawal.
- Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
- Recuperation lodging gives regulated, brief-span housing for patients, regularly taking after different sorts of inpatient or residential management. People can move onto independent life through recovery housing - it assists them for example to learn financial management or job hunting, while linking them to community based support groups.
Difficulties Of Re-Passage
Drug misuse changes the capacity of the mind and numerous things can "trigger" drug longings inside the brain. For everyone in treatment, but especially for those in an inpatient program or prison, it's essential to learn how to recognize, avoid, and handle any triggers they may encounter after treatment.